Susana Wald “Woman in dream”
PDF (English)

Palabras clave

public opinion
Chile opinión pública

Cómo citar

Harvey, H., y Ángel Soto. «EL CASO HONECKER Y LA CAÍDA DEL MURO DE BERLÍN VISTOS DESDE PERIÓDICOS ESTADOUNIDENSES». Universum (Talca. En línea), vol. 38, n.º 1, junio de 2023, pp. 279-01, doi:10.4067/S0718-23762023000100279.


El presente artículo examina la cobertura del ‘asunto Honecker’ por dos periódicos estadounidenses, The New York Times y The Washington Post. Los episodios analizados estallaron con el ingreso de Erich Honecker a la Embajada de Chile en Moscú en 1991, buscando refugio para eludir la justicia alemana. Si bien este caso representó uno de los incidentes más intricados en las relaciones exteriores chilenas contemporáneas, empantanando a este país en una gran crisis diplomática con la URSS —luego la Federación Rusa y luego Rusia— y Alemania, los responsables de la política exterior estadounidense y la opinión pública permanecieron indiferentes. Sin embargo, tras un escrutinio detallado —tomando herramientas del análisis de contenido, discurso y framing, dentro del marco ideológico de la producción informativa—, se reflejan dos posiciones políticas enfrentadas, especialmente sobre el exlíder de la RDA, y en consecuencia, sobre las secuelas de la Guerra Fría. Afirmamos que cuando los eventos no son significativos o incluso de interés periodístico, los corresponsales de los periódicos ‘en terreno’ permiten que las ideologías que los sustentan fluyan y corran libremente.

PDF (English)


American Embassy in Santiago (1992). 03175 (S) Chilean President Aylwin’s State Visit. US Department of State.

Archer, A. M. & Clinton, J. (2018). Changing owners, changing content: Does who owns the news matter for the news?. Political Communication, 35(3), 353-370. https://doi.org/ggdgwb

Baden, C. (2020). Framing the News. En K. Wahl-Jorgensen & T. Hanitzsch (Eds.), The Handbook of Journalism Studies. Routledge.

Bagnall, N. (1993). Newspaper language. Focal.

Baldwin-Philippi, J. (2020). Data ops, objectivity, and outsiders: Journalistic coverage of data campaigning. Political Communication, 37(4), 468-487. https://doi.org/j7w8

Banks, D. (2002). Systemic Functional Linguistics as a model for text analysis. ASp, 35-36, 23-34. https://doi.org/10.4000/asp.1584

Bell, A. (1991). The language of news media. Blackwell.

Birks, J. (2019). Fact-checking journalism and political argumentation. Palgrave Macmillan.

Bradshaw, S., Howard, P. N., Kollanyi, B. & Neudert, L.-M. (2020). Sourcing and automation of political news and information over social media in the united states, 2016-2018. Political Communication, 37(2), 173-193. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2019.1663322

Carlson, M. (2020). What do we do when journalism stops working?. Political Communication, 37(4), 582-584. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2020.1777684

Communications Management Inc. (2011). Sixty Years of Daily Newspaper Circulation Trends. https://cutt.ly/65U9Nf8

Coronel, J. C., Moore, R. C. & deBuys, B. (2021). Do gender cues from images supersede partisan cues conveyed via text? Eye movements reveal political stereotyping in multimodal information environments. Political Communication, 38(3), 281-304. https://doi.org/j7xb

Curran, J. & Seaton, J. (2018). Power without responsibility: Press, broadcasting and the internet in Britain. Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.

Davis, P. M. (2009). How the media frames «open access». The Journal of Electronic Publishing, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.3998/3336451.0012.101

DeTrani, J. (1991). PAO 91-0078. Central Intelligence Agency.

Eisinger, R. M., Veenstra, L. R. & Koehn, J. P. (2007). What media bias? Conservative and liberal labeling in major U.S. Newspapers. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 12(1), 17-36. https://doi.org/10.1177/1081180X06297460

Emmert, F. A. (2002). US Media in the 1990s: Overview and the Print Media. USIA. https://cutt.ly/65U3ARQ

Entman, R. M. & Usher, N. (2018). Framing in a fractured democracy: Impacts of digital technology on ideology, power and cascading network activation. Journal of Communication, 68(2), 298-308. https://doi.org/10.1093/joc/jqx019

Epstein, B. (2020). Wait, haven’t we been here before? A method for using history to help political communication scholarship. Political Communication, 37(1), 117-124. https://doi.org/j7xc

Fairclough, N. (1996). Discourse and social change. Polity.

Fisher, M. (2020). The Washington Post coverage [Telephone].

Fowler, R. (1991). Language in the news: Discourse and ideology in the press. Routledge.

Gamson, W. & Modigliani, A. (1987). The changing culture of affirmative action. En R. G. Braungart & M. M. Braungart (Eds.), Research in political sociology (pp. 137-177). JAI.

Gibbs, A. (2011). Affect Theory and Audience. En V. Nightingale (Ed.), The handbook of media audiences (pp. 251-266). Wiley-Blackwell.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1994). An introduction to functional grammar (2nd ed.). E. Arnold.

Hameleers, M. & Fawzi, N. (2020). Widening the divide between them and us? The effects of populist communication on cognitive and affective stereotyping in a comparative european setting. Political Communication, 37(5), 612-634. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2020.1723754

Hänggli, R. (2020). The origin of dialogue in the news media. Palgrave Macmillan.

Helfer, L. & Aelst, P. V. (2016). What makes party messages fit for reporting? An experimental study of journalistic news selection. Political Communication, 33(1), 59-77. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2014.969464

Heywood, A. (2017). Political ideologies: An introduction (6th ed.). Palgrave.

Hodge, B. & Kress, G. R. (1993). Language as ideology. Routledge.

Hong, J. (2021). Translation of attribution and news credibility. Journalism, 22(3), 787-803. https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884918775201

Hornmoen, H. & Steensen, S. (2014). Dialogue as a journalistic ideal. Journalism Studies, 15(5), 543-554. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2014.894358

Ivanova, A. & Jocelin, J. (2021). Media representation of October, 2019 social outbreak in chile. Universum, 36(2), 521-538. https://doi.org/10.4067/s0718-23762021000200521

Kaid, L. L. & Holtz-Bacha, C. (Eds.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Political Communication. Sage Publications.

Kaiser, J. (2020). Disentangling the effects of thematic information and emphasis frames and the suppression of issue-specific argument effects through value-resonant framing. Political Communication, 37(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2019.1658662

Kahneman, D. & Tversky, A. (1984). Choices, values, and frames. American Psychologist, 39(4), 341-350. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.39.4.341

Keeble, R. & Reeves, I. (2015). The newspapers handbook. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Kelsey, D. (2017). Media and affective mythologies: Discourse, archetypes and ideology in contemporary politics (1st Ed.). Palgrave Macmillan.

Kress, G. (1983). Linguistic and Ideological Transformations in News Reporting. En Language, Image, Media (pp. 120-138). Blackwell.

Leeper, T. J. (2020). Raising the floor or closing the gap? How media choice and media content impact political knowledge. Political Communication, 37(5), 719-740. https://doi.org/ghh7m5

Linstrõm, M. & Marais, W. (2012). Qualitative news frame analysis: A methodology. Communitas, 17, 21-38. https://cutt.ly/H5U8XM1

Martín, L. (1995). Division and rejection: From the personification of the gulf conflict to the demonization of Saddam Hussein. Discourse & Society, 6(1), 49-80. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926595006001004

McGarr, K. J. (2020). The importance of historical perspective and archival methods in political communication research. Political Communication, 37(1), 110-116. https://doi.org/gpkqjn

Medina, C. & Gajardo, G. (2019). Chile y el amigo alemán. El «caso Honecker». 1991-1994: Tensión internacional en la temprana posguerra fría. Cuadernos de Historia, 50, 135-168. https://cutt.ly/o5U4rX5

Medina, C., Gajardo, G., Sanz, C., & Ulloa, E. (2019). El refugio chileno a Erich Honecker: La razón humanitaria 1991-1993. Intus - Legere Historia, 13(2), 174–205. https://cutt.ly/S5U4bfq

Medina, C. & Harvey, H. (2021). El “caso Honecker”. 1991-1992: Una Crisis Diplomática Asimétrica (CDA). Cuadernos de Historia Contemporánea, 43, 279-304. https://doi.org/10.5209/chco.78181

Meyer-Gutbrod, J. & Woolley, J. (2021). New conflicts in the briefing room: Using sentiment analysis to evaluate administration-press relations from Clinton through Trump. Political Communication, 38(3), 241-259. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2020.1763527

Moyano, C. & Rivera, C. (2020). Disputing the political. The left and the mass policy press in Chile, 1950-1989. Universum, 35(1), 340-366. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-23762020000100340

Nassar, R. (2020). Framing refugees: The impact of religious frames on u. S. Partisans and consumers of cable news media. Political Communication, 37(5), 593-611. https://doi.org/gk497b

Nicholls, T. & Culpepper, P. D. (2021). Computational identification of media frames: Strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities. Political Communication, 38(1-2), 159-181. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2020.1812777

Pan, Z. & Kosicki, G. M. (1993). Framing analysis: An approach to news discourse. Political Communication, 10(1), 55-75. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.1993.9962963

Richardson, J. D. & Lancendorfer, K. M. (2004). Framing affirmative action: The influence of race on newspaper editorial responses to the university of michigan cases. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 9(4), 74-94. https://doi.org/10.1177/1081180X04271863

Robinson, P. (2002). The CNN effect: The myth of news, foreign policy, and intervention. Routledge.

Rojas, H. & Valenzuela, S. (2019). A call to contextualize public opinion-based research in political communication. Political Communication, 36(4), 652-659. https://doi.org/gmtkmp

Schmitt-Beck, R. & Grill, C. (2020). From the living room to the meeting hall? Citizens’ political talk in the deliberative system. Political Communication, 37(6), 832-851. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2020.1760974

Scruton, R. (2007). The palgrave macmillan dictionary of political thought. Palgrave Macmillan.

Seo, S. (2013). Hallidayean transitivity analysis: The Battle for Tripoli in the contrasting headlines of two national newspapers. Discourse & Society, 24(6), 774-791. https://doi.org/f5pxk3

Sevenans, J., Walgrave, S. & Joanna Epping, G. (2016). How political elites process information from the news: The cognitive mechanisms behind behavioral political agenda-setting effects. Political Communication, 33(4), 605-627. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2016.1153543

Sihura, M. (2019). Transitivity process in frozen movie: A study of systemic functional grammar. International Journal of Systemic Functional Linguistics, 2(2), 79-85. https://doi.org/j7xf

Simmons, T. (2019). Media Literacy Fake News: How Media Literacy Can Curb the Fake News Trend. En Information Resources Management Association (Ed.), Journalism and ethics: Breakthroughs in research and practice (pp. 163-176). IGI Global.

Soto, Á. (2020). No fue para la risa: El «huésped» de la embajada de Chile en Moscú. Intus - Legere Historia, 14(1), 117-141. https://cutt.ly/L5U7LtH

Strömbäck, J., Falasca, K. & Kruikemeier, S. (2018). The mix of media use matters: Investigating the effects of individual news repertoires on offline and online political participation. Political Communication, 35(3), 413-432. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2017.1385549

Swart, J., Groot Kormelink, T., Costera Meijer, I. & Broersma, M. (2022). Advancing a radical audience turn in journalism. Fundamental dilemmas for journalism studies. Digital Journalism, 10(1), 8-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/21670811.2021.2024764

Tang, L. (2021). Transitive representations of China’s image in the US mainstream newspapers: A corpus-based critical discourse analysis. Journalism, 22(3), 804-820. https://doi.org/gpv6v9

The White House (1992). Memorandum of Conversation.

Thetela, P. (2001). Critique discourses and ideology in newspaper reports: A discourse analysis of the South African press reports on the 1998 SADC’s military intervention in Lesotho. Discourse & Society, 12(3), 347-370. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926501012003004

Ulloa, E. & Medina, C. (2020). The Honecker case and the Communist party of Chile: A view from the pages of El Siglo (1991-1994). Izquierdas, 49, 1468-1492. https://doi.org/j7xj

Valenzuela, S., Piña, M. & Ramírez, J. (2017). Behavioral effects of framing on social media users: How conflict, economic, human interest, and morality frames drive news sharing: framing effects on news sharing. Journal of Communication, 67(5), 803-826. https://doi.org/gcpwqm

Van Dijk, T. A. (1988). News as discourse. L. Erlbaum.

Van Dijk, T. A. (1995). Discourse semantics and ideology. Discourse & Society, 6(2), 243-289. https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926595006002006

Van Dijk, T. A. (1998). Opinions and Ideologies in the Press. En A. Bell & P. Garrett (Eds.), Approaches to Media Discourse (pp. 21-63). Blackwell.

Van Dijk, T. A. (2009). Society and discourse how social contexts influence text and talk. Cambridge University.

Van Gorp, B. (2007). The Constructionist Approach to Framing: Bringing Culture Back In. Journal of Communication, 57(1), 60-78. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0021-9916.2007.00329.x

Walker, M. (2004). Framing the Falklands/Malvinas war: National interest in the coverage of the London Times, La Nación (Argentina) and El Mercurio (Chile). Universum, 19(1), 198-219. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-23762004000100011

Windsor, L. C. (2021). Advancing interdisciplinary work in computational communication science. Political Communication, 38(1-2), 182-191. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2020.1765915

Yang, W., Liang, Q. & Zhen, K. (2016). A discourse study of cognitive frame construction of ‘China’ in american economic news. English Linguistics Research, 5(4), 7-24. https://doi.org/j7xk

Young, L. & Soroka, S. (2012). Affective news: The automated coding of sentiment in political texts. Political Communication, 29(2), 205-231. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2012.671234

Creative Commons License

Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial 4.0.

Derechos de autor 2023 Universum (Talca. En línea)


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.